Tennis is enjoyed by millions of recreational players and is also a hugely popular worldwide spectator sport, especially the four Grand Slam tournaments.

The Australian Open played on hard courts, the French Open played on red clay courts, Wimbledon played on grass courts, and the US Open played also on hard courts.

There are four main types of courts depending on the materials used for the court surface: clay courts, hard courts, grass courts and carpet courts.

The International Tennis Federation (ITF) lists different surfaces and properties and classifies surfaces into one of five pace settings:






Preparation of strong and reliable base is a must for the construction of a synthetic hard court. The Acrylic synthetic material can be applied on asphalt or concrete base. The court can be prepared in different cushion thicknesses depending on the level of players and budget.

Lighting is required for indoor tennis courts and outside courts, when no natural light is available. It is important because it! extends the playing time of a court. attracts more coaches and players and achieves an increase in revenue from court hiring fees.

When lighting a tennis court, the objective is to ensure good visibility enabling both participants and spectators to follow the progress of a game. The ball, regardless of its location and speed, should always be clearly visible. Creating good visibility requires sufficient contrast to be created between objects and their backgrounds, good illumination levels and even distribution of light across the playing surface.

Fencing provides two basic functions, to retain balls on the court during play and toprovide security for the court and equipment when unattended.

Fencing design is predominantly metal pipe posts, with or without rails, supporting chainmesh. Within this broad description a range of specification elements can be changed for functional, aesthetic or cost considerations. Other fence styles include timber structures with chain mesh, thatched fencing, masonry walls, etc. As the vast majority of fencing

structures for tennis courts consist of a metal pipe framework and chain mesh, this manual will focus on elements of that design.

Tennis is played on a rectangular flat surface, usually of grass, clay, synthetic suspended concrete or a asphalt (hard court) court. The dimensions of a tennis court are defined and regulated by theInternational Tennis Federation (ITF).

The court is 78 feet or 23.78 meters long, 36 feet or 10.97 meters wide. Its width is 27 feet or 8.23 meters for singles matches and 36 feet or 10.97 meters for doubles matches.

The service line is 21 feet or 6.40 meters from the net.

Additional clear space around the court is needed in order for players to reach overrun balls for a total of 60 feet or 18.3 meters wide and 120 feet or 36.7 meters long.

A net is stretched across the full width of the court, parallel with the baselines, dividing it into two equal ends. The net is 3 feet 6 inches or 1.07 meters high at the posts, and 3 feet 0.914 meters high in the centre.

The net posts are 3 feet (0.914 m) outside the doubles court on each side or, for a singles net, 3 feet (0.914 m) outside the singles court on each side.